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A landline telephone is one that has a physical line connection to a network of telecommunications.  Landline phones were developed at the end of the 19th century and quickly became common around the world.  However, in the start of the new century, cell phones have begun to replace landline phones as the main form of telephone service.

The telephone was invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell.  Bell's invention of the telephone was based on the electric telegraph.  There were a number of designs that appeared shortly following the design of Bell's, but all of them were landlines, and were connected by transmission wires.  Once the telephone began to become common, the central operating switchboards appeared where physical connections were then made by operators so the telephone users were able to communicate with one another with this instrument.

Every state in Australia currently has a number of landline providers, most of which are dominant companies in the country. Landline telephones have been operated on the principle of electrical resistance.  This means that when a user speaks into the handset of a landline phone, he then activates a microphone that will send an electrical current through a pair of wires that are insulated.  This current will follow a physical course, and pass through a telephone exchange.  At this point, it will be re-transmitted to the listener who is at the other end of the connection and it will be converted into sound.  Even phones that are wireless that use landline networks need a physical connection, and the cord that would exist between the handset and the phone is replaced by a radio signal. 

In the 1960s, analog signals were beginning to be replaced by digital telephone signals.  Cellular networks then began to appear in the 1970s and a modem was used to transmit a telephone signal without using a wired network.  Cell phones became available to the general public in the 1980s after they had been approved by the Federal Communications Commission.  The quality of these early cell phones was typically poor and using them was fairly expensive.  In the late 1990s, there was a new generation of cell phones which made use of improved network technology.  This resulted in the replacement of many private landlines and brought telephone service into a number of areas of the world where landlines never existed before. 

There are a number of advantages to landline phones that do not exist with cell phones.  Despite the fact that landline phone use is declining, the biggest advantage to landline phones is that they keep fidelity to the telephone signal.  Landlines do not have the same problems that cell phones do when there is bad weather or the location of the user is in a remote area.  Landline telephones also do not require there to be an electrical connection, and they are operational when there is a power outage.  Yet cell phones rely on the relay towers that must have power in order for them to receive a signal or send a signal. The quality of sound and the reliability of landline phones are also considered to be superior to those of cell phones.  Landline phones are also important in case of a 911 emergency, where a signal is picked up directly from the location of a landline phone.  This does not happen with cell phones,
which can certainly be a concern. which can certainly be a concern.
                                                                                                Landline phones also have some disadvantages.  The biggest disadvantage of a landline phone is generally considered to be their immobility.  Cell phones have the ability to be taken and used nearly everywhere, but landline phones are basically stuck in the location where they are placed.  Cell phones also offer other services that a landline phone does not offer.  For example, you can take pictures, surf the internet, listen to music, and much more on your cell phone, which are not things you can do from a landline phone.  Having both a cell phone and landline phone will result in a bigger expense for you too, so some people have opted to forget about a landline phone and just rely on their cell phone.  This is a trend that is expected to continue, and eventually landline phones are expected to become obsolete.  Usually, however, if you have to choose between a landline phone and a cell phone, choosing a landline phone will likely get you a price drop, while a cell phone will get you convenience, so it really depends on which one you value more.  However, keep in mind that landline phones are losing their quality advantage quickly as cell phone quality continues to improve.

As technology advances, so do the options that are available to you with a landline phone in your home.









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